Concrete staining has rapidly become a popular flooring. The process of acid-etch or water-based staining produces a lush richness that cannot be done by other coloring mediums. Paint produces a solid opaque effect, but staining will permeate concrete. This effect can look like stained wood, polished marble, natural stone, or leather.
Unlike acid stains that produce primarily earth-tone colors, water-based stains are available in a larger array of colors that can even have a metallic tint. They can also be used without ventilation because they do not produce harmful fumes and are easier to clean up.
Clean-up for water stains is simpler than acid stains because they do not require rinsing. A simple application of water and soap will clean them up.
The majority of acid-based stains available use a mixture of acid-soluble metallic salts, water and hydrochloric acid. They can permeate the concrete to react chemically with the calcium hydroxide in the concrete. Once the stain has been applied and dried, it is considered a permanent part of the concrete. It will not peel away, fade, or chip off. The colors are limited, however, to terracottas, earthy tones, and soft blue greens.
Containing the runoff and residue of acid staining has to be considered when cleaning. Outside vegetation like grass and surrounding vegetation could be harmed if the runoff reaches it.
Concrete staining does not hide any blemishes like cracks, chips, or stains like an oil spill. The concrete needs to be cleaned before a stain is applied. Applying stain to covered surfaces like sealers, glues, grease, dirt, sealer wax grease paint, and curing membranes is not recommended.
For the most part, the stains can be used both outdoors and indoors. Outdoor stain usually is abrasion-resistant and UV resistant. Acid staining does penetrate further in the concrete, which will prevent wear and fading over time.
Indoor staining has to take into consideration the type of stain used and how well the area is ventilated. For a bolder design statement, water-based stains offer a better variety of colors. They can also be mixed to create custom colors.
Concrete sealing can be done on most types of concrete. If the concrete is older and has a sealer on it, it is recommended the sealer be removed prior to being stained. For floors that are waxed, a floor wax remover must be used. At All Around Surfaces, we sand the floor for you, which will not only remove the sealant or wax, it will also remove paints and glues. We also offer Epoxy floor coatings and many more.
Grease and oil are more difficult to remove, so we need to apply a degreaser to lift them out of the concrete. The degreaser can act as a natural solvent as well, so it will deep clean and lift the oils that are in the concrete’s pores out. Our floor buffing machine has stripping pads that will scrub the floor before we wash it off with clean water. You can check out our About page to know more about our other services.
Once the concrete is completely dry, if the concrete is old, we will choose a small area to apply the stain to see how it will look. By doing this, we can be sure the floor has been appropriately cleaned and stripped, we can make sure the stain is reacting properly and the color is what was chosen.
After we have determined how the concrete stain is working, we will apply the stain and let it dry. We will then apply a concrete sealant to preserve the look of the newly stained concrete.
When you’re ready for beautiful stained floors of your own, contact All Around Surfaces for concrete staining in Sioux Falls.